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Cram Age Chart
Statement from Cram
We hope that this listing of major, selected political changes can assist you in estimating the age of a world map or globe. This listing is intended to determine an approximate time frame for the publication of your map or globe. Unfortunately, we cannot provide more detailed (case by case) analysis to private collectors. Specific inquiries are best resolved with professional appraisers or with a visit to local public or university library. Links to possible sources of information and other suggestions are found at the end of this page.

General Information
A globe or map publisher will sometimes include a copyright date or edition date near the legend, globe name, or publisher's information. If an edition date is not shown, you can determine the approximate date by comparing your globe to the following listing. Please note that the naming conventions or the actual date a change is made by a publisher can vary.

Instructions
You can determine an edition date by comparing your globe or map to the listing. For example, if your globe shows the Philippines as independent (1946), but India as a British possession and not yet independent (1947), then the globe's edition date is 1946 or 1947. The Listing of Global Changes provides major, selected political changes. It begins with changes in 1898 and is current through 1997. To assist you in locating places, we have provided a Region Map. Simply find the country's index number in the listing and then refer to the Region Map to locate the country more easily. Please note that North America, Australia, and Antarctica are not included in the Region Map or in the Listing of Global Changes. Although Australia gained independence in 1901, and several U.S. states have achieved statehood since 1898, such changes are not shown.


(1) . . . .
(2) . . . .
(3) . . . .
(4) . . . .
(5) . . . .
Middle America
South America
Western Europe
Northern Africa
Central Africa
(6) . . . .
(7) . . . .
(8) . . . .
(9) . . . .
(10) . . .
Southern Africa
Eastern Europe and Russia
Middle East
Central and Southern Asia
East and Southeastern Asia

DateEvent (Region index number)
1890s..................................................................
1898 Spanish-American War
U.S. acquires the territories of Philippines (10)
U.S. acquires Puerto Rico (spelled Porto Rico), Cuba (1)
1900s..................................................................
1902 Cuba independence (1)
1903 Panama independence (1)
1905 Norway independence (3)
1908 Bulgaria independence (7)
1910s..................................................................
1910 Union of South Africa independence (6)
1912 Albania independence (7)
1914 Panama Canal opens (1)
1914-18 World War One
1917 Finland independence (3)
1918 Austria, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia independence (7)
1919 Afghanistan independence (9)
1920s..................................................................
1920 Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia independence (7)
1921 Irish Free State semi-independence (3)
1922 Russia changes to Soviet Union (7)
Egypt independence(4)
1923 Turkey independence (7)
1928 Capital city of China changes from Peiping to Peking (10)
1929 Yugoslavia name change (7)
1930s..................................................................
1932 Saudi Arabia, Iraq independence (8)
1935 Persia changes to Iran (8)
1936 Italy invades Ethiopia (5)
1939 Germany annexes Austria (3) & Czechoslovakia (7)
1939-1945 World War Two
1940s..................................................................
1946 Jordan, Syria independence (8) Philippines independence (10)
1947 India, Pakistan independence (9)
1948 Israel independence (8)
Burma, Ceylon independence font COLOR="red">(9)
1949 Indonesia independence (10)
East and West Germany created (3)
1950s..................................................................
1951 Libya independence (4)
1953 Cease fire line divides North and South Korea (10)
1954 North and South Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia independence (10)
1956 Morocco, Tunisia, Sudan independence (4)
1957 Malaya independence (10)
1958 Guinea independence (5)
1960s..................................................................
1960 Major break-up of colonial Africa: French West Africa,
French Equatorial Africa, Belgian Congo, and other territories
end, creating over 15 independent countries, including Niger,
Chad, Somalia, Congo, Nigeria (4, 5)
1961 Kuwait independence (8)
Tanganyika independence (5)
1962 Algeria independence (4)
Uganda independence (5)
Jamaica independence (1)
1963 Kenya independence (5)
Malaysia independence (10)
1964 Zambia, Malawi independence (6)
Tanzania independence (5)
1965 Singapore independence (10)
1966 Botswana, Lesotho independence (6)
Guyana independence (2)
1967 French Somaliland changes to Afars & Issas (Fr.) (5)
1968 Equatorial Guinea independence (5)
1970s..................................................................
1970 Muscat and Oman changes to Oman (8)
1971 Congo changes to Zaire (5)
Bangladesh independence (9)
1972 Ceylon changes to Sri Lanka (9)
1973 Bahamas independence (1)
1974 Guinea-Bissau independence (5)
1975 Angola, Mozambique independence (6)
Suriname independence (2)
1976 Vietnam unifies (10)
Indonesia annexes Portuguese Timor (10)
1977 Djibouti independence (5)
1978 Dominica independence (1)
1979 St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines independence (1)
1980s..................................................................
1980 Zimbabwe independence (6)
1981 Belize, Antigua and Barbuda independence (1)
1984 Upper Volta changes to Burkina Faso (5)
1986 Ivory Coast changes to Cote d'Ivoire (5)
1989 Burma changes to Myanmar (9)
1990s..................................................................
1990 Germany unifies (3)
Yemen unifies (8)
Namibia independence (6)
1991-1992 Soviet Union dissolves into 15 new countries, including
Russia, Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan (7, 9)
1992 Yugoslavia dissolves into 5 new countries, including
Bosnia, Croatia, Yugoslavia (7)
1993 Czechoslovakia divides into Czech Republic and Slovakia (7)
1994 Walvis Bay possession changes to Namibia (6)
1997 Zaire changes to Congo (5)
Hong Kong possession changes to China (10)
Western Samoa changed its name to Samoa [Pacific Ocean / half way between Hawaii and New Zealand]
1999 Nunavut Territory created from part of Northwest Territories [Canada]
Mt. Everest elevation adjusted to 29,035 feet, in Nepal [Southern Asia]
Macau returned by Portugal to China, next to Hong Kong [Southern China]


Copyright, George F. Cram Co., used with permission, Interface Network Inc.
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